In a hostel, $60 \%$ of the students read Hindi newspaper, $40 \%$ read English newspaper and $20 \%$ read both Hindi and English newspapers. A student is selected at random. If she reads English newspaper, find the probability that she reads Hindi newspaper.

$\mathrm{P}(\mathrm{H} \cup \mathrm{E})^{\prime}=1-\mathrm{P}(\mathrm{H} \cup \mathrm{E})$

$=1-\{\mathrm{P}(\mathrm{H})+\mathrm{P}(\mathrm{E})-\mathrm{P}(\mathrm{H} \cap \mathrm{E})\}$

$=1-\left(\frac{3}{5}+\frac{2}{5}-\frac{1}{5}\right)$

$=1-\frac{4}{5}$

$=\frac{1}{5}$

Probability that a random chosen student reads Hindi newspaper, if she reads English newspaper, is given by $\mathrm{P}(\mathrm{H} | \mathrm{E})$

$\mathrm{P}(\mathrm{H} | \mathrm{E})=\frac{\mathrm{P}(\mathrm{H} \cap E)}{\mathrm{P}(\mathrm{E})}$

$=\frac{\frac{1}{5}}{\frac{2}{5}}$

$=\frac{1}{2}$

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